How the Technology in Oil Production Has Evolved Over the Years
There has been evolution in oil production technology today compared to how it was in the past as you will learn more here. Since oil is an essential commodity for the survival of man, a look into the changes in technology in production is a good idea. Traditionally, people in Mesopotamia used bitumen to make boats and hold earrings, necklaces, and bangles together. The pharaohs in Egypt used the substance to make the pyramids stand tall. Bitumen, asphalt and mortar although did not require drilling, were the substances that led to the discovery of oil.
The technique used to obtain oil on its discovery was by simply digging. In this site you learn more about how the traditional people used oil to treat diseases, light lamps to increase visibility and keep warm. Following the lack of valuable knowledge about oil as read in this site, there many false assumptions about oil fields at the time.
The technology that followed drilling was the use of spring poles. The device as you discover more here, was attached to a tree which provided the required resistance to reach greater depth, was used by the Ruffner brothers to enhance salt extraction. Despite a hint of the possible things oil could be used for at this time, oil was still not a necessity. However when steam power was introduced, the brothers were able to drill salt at a faster rate. A chemist at Yale by the name Benjamin Silliman discovered more about distillation of oil into Kerosene that could be used in lamps to provide lighting and even cook. Following this information, people saw the importance of oil and processes to extract it began.
As you will find out in this website, the demand for oil was to rise in the near future. More oil deposits were also discovered deeper in the earth. However there were hard sediments that made drilling difficult hence the need for improved equipment. Consequently, a method called rotary drilling emerged whose head could move past the hard sediment with great ease. One historic moment was witnessed in Texas where a rig in Beaumont struck oil and it rose to the surface trickling like rain water. As the world war 1 was set to begin, the demand for this product increased resulting in dire need for improved equipment following strong competition among nations. The greatest achievement for the rotary drill was the ability to reach greater depths that the spring pole wouldn’t.
Right now the world still uses the rotary drill for oil extraction. Even though the rotary rigs are still in use, they have been modified to today’s technology. Besides that, the rigs are more sophisticated. For example ,as you see here is that one rig can drill multiple oil wells and even move on their own.